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Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

2 edition of Perinatal mortality and low birthweight 1965-73 found in the catalog.

Perinatal mortality and low birthweight 1965-73

Robert Newcombe

Perinatal mortality and low birthweight 1965-73

an analysis for administrative areas of England and Wales

by Robert Newcombe

  • 356 Want to read
  • 11 Currently reading

Published by Crown in [London?] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Infants -- Mortality,
  • Infants -- Weight,
  • Great Britain -- Statistics, Vital

  • Edition Notes

    StatementRobert Newcombe.
    SeriesOccasional paper - Office of Population Censuses and Surveys -- 7
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHB1323I4 N4
    The Physical Object
    Pagination16 p. --
    Number of Pages16
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19014169M
    ISBN 1001190619704X

    Low birth weight (LBW) is an important indicator of fetal and neonatal health, and although LBW babies comprise 14% of all children born, they account for 60–80% of neonatal deaths worldwide. There are also an estimated 4 million stillbirths annually, with the vast majority of . Causes of maternal and perinatal mortality: A retrospective study Sara Azima1*, Akram Ashrafizaveh2, Saeed Gholamzade3, This study aimed to investigate thecauses of maternal and perinatal mortality. The present study was a retrospective, descriptive research and low birth weight were the most common factors accompanying mortality rate.

    Low birth weight (LBW) is a leading risk factor for infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. There are large disparities in the prevalence of LBW by race and ethnicity, especially between African American and White women. Despite extensive research, the practice of clinical and public health, and policies devoted to reducing the number of LBW infants, the prevalence of LBW has. Meta-analyses of intervention trials suggest that successful prevention of these infections reduces the risk of severe maternal anaemia by 38%, low birthweight by 43%, and perinatal mortality by 27% among paucigravidae. Low birthweight associated with malaria in pregnancy is estimated to result in infant deaths in Africa each year.

    Our study aims to evaluate the current perinatal registry, analyze national childbirth outcomes and study ethnic disparities in middle-income country Suriname, South America. A nationwide birth registry study was conducted in Suriname. Data were collected for and from the childbirth books of all five hospital maternity wards, covering 86% of all births in the country. The perinatal mortality rate as an indicator of quality of care in international comparisons. Med Care ; Graafmans WC, Richardus JH, Macfarlane A, et al. Comparability of published perinatal mortality rates in Western Europe: the quantitative impact of differences in gestational age and birthweight criteria. BJOG ;


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Perinatal mortality and low birthweight 1965-73 by Robert Newcombe Download PDF EPUB FB2

This review evaluated perinatal mortality, preterm delivery and low birth weight associated with previous treatment for precursors of cervical cancer. Cold knife conisation and probably laser conisation and radical diathermy were associated with increased risk of perinatal mortality and other serious outcomes.

Due to methodological and reporting weaknesses these conclusions may not be by: Buy Perinatal mortality and low birthweight, An analysis for administrative areas of England and Wales (Occasional papers / Great Britain.

Office of Population Censuses and Surveys) by Newcombe, Robert (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible : Robert Newcombe.

Birth weight in particular is strongly associated with fetal, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality; infant and childhood morbidity; and long-term growth and development (1,2). According to the World Bank/World Health Organization (WHO) study of the global burden of disease, low birth weight (LBW) and other perinatal causes are a leading cause Cited by: Wilcox AJ.

Intrauterine growth retardation: beyond birthweight criteria. Early Hum Dev. Oct; 8 ()– Susser M, Marolla FA, Fleiss J. Birth weight, fetal age and perinatal mortality.

Am J Epidemiol. Sep; 96 (3)– McCormick MC. The contribution of low birth weight to infant mortality and childhood by: Classification of low birth weight babies according to birth weight It is seen that very low birth weight babies (˂ g) had almost 10 times more Perinatal mortality and low birthweight 1965-73 book rates when compared to babies with birth weight between kg (Table 2).

Thus it can be seen that birth weight is a powerful indicator of perinatal mortality. Birth weight and Birth weight-specific Mortality Distributions for Tanzanian (–) and Black US (–) babies.

Applying the USA birthweight-specific mortality rates to Tanzanian births produced a standardized mortality rate of / for Tanzanian babies compared with the observed mortality rate of / for USA black babies.

This retrospective study showed that very-low-birthweight infants delivered between 24 and 32 weeks of gestation did not benefit from antenatal exposure to MgSO 4 in an effort to decrease brain damage (CP or MR), but high-dose MgSO 4 led to a significant increase in the mortality rate for this group of infants (OR95% CI –).

Cold knife conisation was associated with a significantly increased risk of perinatal mortality (relative risk95% confidence interval to ) and a significantly higher risk of severe preterm delivery (, to ), extreme preterm delivery (, to ), and low birth weight of.

Here in Manitoba with a substantial Native Indian population, there exists a surprising difference in the incidence of low birthweight deliveries between native and non-native women (Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation Report, ).The incidence of delivery of low birthweight infants in the native population of first birth mothers less than 20 years of age is /1, live.

For the nation, the proportion oflow-weight births declined from percent of live births in to percent of live births in The decline in rates was confined to the moderately low birthweight group. Nodecline, or perhaps a slight increase, was observed in the very lowbirthweight group.

To locate potential sites for intervention, it is important to identify these risk factors and examine how much of the excess mortality is explained by infants' low birthweight. METHODS: Data on all newborns in Finland born between and (N =of which were perinatal deaths) were obtained from the Medical Birth Register.

On multivariate logistic regression only birth weight was found to be predictive of adverse perinatal outcomes; very low birth weight babies of ≤ g were 23 times more likely to have adverse perinatal outcomes compared to babies of normal birth weight (AOR95% CI –).

Rush D, Cassano P. Relationship of cigarette smoking and social class to birth weight and perinatal mortality among all births in Britain, April J Epidemiol Community Health. Dec; 37 (4)– [PMC free article]. 5 Methodology to estimate rates of neonatal and perinatal mortality 0 Establishing the estimation dataset of available data 09 Estimating missing neonatal, early neonatal and stillbirth mortality rates 10 Low birthweight: Country, regional and global estimates (4).

The aim of this study was to clarify the mortality and long‐term outcomes of extremely low‐birthweight infants according to the process of maternal or infant transport and indications for maternal transport.

Material and Methods. We conducted. Background At any given gestational age, infants with low birth weight have relatively high morbidity and mortality.

It is not known, however, whether there is a threshold weight below which morbid. OBJECTIVES. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the obstetrical judgment of viability makes a difference to fetal and neonatal survival of extremely low birthweight infants ( g).

METHODS. We assessed the effect of the antenatal judgment of viability in a group of 66 infants born weighing from to g. These infants were alive at maternal hospital admission and were.

parity (number of previous births) on both perinatal mortality and low birthweight. The risk of perinatal mortality is highest where the father is an unskilled manual worker or unemployed, and this effect is most pronounced where the mother is aged 35 or more.

Low birthweight is most prevalent for mothers from that socio-economic background. The infant mortality rate was highest among low birthweight babies (under 2, grams) at deaths per 1, live births inan increase of % from In Paperback Format Childhood Mortality in England and Wales Formerly Childhood, Infant and Perinatal Mortality, in England and Wales.

Perinatal outcome variables included gestational age and mode of delivery, pre-term birth (before 37 weeks and before 34 weeks), birthweight in grams (gr) determined within 24 hour after birth, low birthweight.

The average low birth weight rate for South Africa is about 15% which is typical for a low- and middle-income country. In some very poor areas the low birth weight rate is as high as 25%. In South Africa the low birth weight rate is about 15%.

How does the low birth weight rate influence the perinatal mortality .The study of perinatal mortality requires a sound understanding of the influence of birthweight on perinatal mortality. This paper discusses one aspe We use cookies to enhance your experience on our continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

Results. The total survival rate was %. There was a significant difference between the survival rate in cesarean and vaginal delivery at 24–31 weeks of gestation. Cesarean delivery in infants with a birth weight > g was significantly advantageous to the survival rate of .